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Huaguoshan attraction  A beach in Lianyungang
Huaguoshan attraction   A beach in Lianyungang

General Information
Lianyungang, dubbed as China's "East-West Freight Corridor", is one of the first fourteen Chinese cities permitted to open to international economy and foreign trade by the Chinese State Council in 1984. As a prefecture jurisdiction, Lianyungang City administered 3 districts and 4 counties.

Like its other Jiangsu neighbors, Lianyungang has a history starting in the Tang Dynasty and was described as a paradise in the famous Chinese novel, Journey to the West. The archaeological findings in 1979 in the Yushan Mountain, brought its human history back to the New Stone Age, 40,000-50,000 years earlier. There are numerous historical or cultural relics found from the the early human habitat.

Lianyungang is a transportation hub in Jiangsu as well as in China. As the bridgehead of the New Asian-European Continent Corridor, the Longhai Railway (Lianyungang-Lanzhou) starts at Lianyungang, and stretches out westwards to Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, further to Russia and Europe, connecting two continents, Asia and Europe. The beautiful port city has been listed as one of 50 selected destinations for international travelers, voted by millions of online voters.

Geography, Resources and Climate
Situated in the northeast of Jiangsu, Lianyungang is on the shore of the East China Sea with a coast line of 162 km, wetland of 100,000 he and many shadow sea beaches. It borders Xuzhou and Yangcheng of Shandong Province to the west, Huai’an, Suqian and Yancheng to the south. The city confronts Japan and South Korea, in the opposite of the East China Sea. The water surface occupies one fourth of the city's land mass.

The most important natural resource for Lianyungang is water resources, including its freshwater lakes and rivers, marine area, beaches, wetlands and fisheries. Never forgot its abundant resources of crystal and hot spring in Donghai, a county undet the jurisdiction of Lianyungang.

Lianyungang has an oceanic monsoon climate and distinct four seasons. It has annual average sun-light over 100 days and 220 days for frost-free period. The recorded lowest temperature was -10°C in January and the highest was 36°C in summer. Its average rainfall is 930 mm.

Lianyungang jurisdiction includes 7 county-level divisions, of which three are districts, four are counties. The districts are the old urban areas of Lianyungang while the four counties are recently designated as county-level districts being considered as suburbs and governed by the Lianyungang city administration. The special industrial zones are specifically designated as new investment areas.

The municipal government is stationed in the Xinpu District.

Area and Population
Lianyungang has a population of 4.72 million and a total area of 7,444 square kilometers, including the water surface area of 1,760 square kilometers.

Economy, Industry and Environment
Traditionally, Lianyungang was considered as a farming land and its fertile soil and moderate rainfall make the city one of Jiangsu’s richest agricultural areas. The agricultural products principally include rice, vegetable, poultry and fish. The city is now investing more money in boosting its green agriculture, organic food and tree plantation. The agricultural income occupied a major portion of the city’s economy in the past but has been shrinking remarkably over years, while the city is heading to industrialization.

The heavy investment in the Lianyungang has intensified the city’s rapid economic expansion. New industrial sectors include pharmaceutics, new material and new energy. The city earns its national reputation as the largest pharmaceutical manufactures for anti-cancer and anti-hepatitis drugs. More international corporations are setting up their offices here.

Lianyungang Port is the major advantage for the city. The port is sea-oriented, providing an excellent access to transport goods and bulk materials between the hinterland and overseas. As its excellent location for transit point, which offers the shortest distance in connection with the east and west coasts of Pacific Ocean, the port has been listed by the national and provincial governments as a prestigious international seaport linking Pacific countries, including Japan and South Korea.

Today, new developmental zones, including Lianyungang Economic and Technological Development Zone, have been approved by three levels of governments to speed up the city’s development. The city is enjoying its rapid growth in economy and investment.

Economic growth and environmental conservation always seems like two different approaches. Many investment projects in the city have become significant in environment contamination. The local government has been putting stiff environmental policies into practice and has spent significant funds over years to protect its ecosystem.

Transportation and Tourism
Lianyungang is a transportation hub in Jiangsu as well as in China. Longhai Railway (Lianyungang-Lanzhou, Gansu Province) is a trunk rail line in the country. The Port of Lianyungang offers the waterway for cargo and passengers. Lianyungang Baitabi Airport has charted flights to Beijing, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shengyang, Wenzhou, etc.

The city has efficient transport means, including highway/expressway, railway, air and waterway. At present, at least five expressway/highway lines link the city to other major cities in the province, including expressways Lainyungang-Suzhou, Nanjing-Lianyungagn, Xuzhou-Lianyungang, two highways, Lianyungang-Huerguosi, Linayungang-Tianshui.

Lianyungang is a hot tourist destination and its coastal line and landmarks would give you unforgettable memories. Huaguoshan Mountain, meaning Flowers & Fruits Mountain in Mandarin, was selected as one of 50 the must-see list for international travelers in the national tourist destinations. Many historical relics are listed as the national or provincial sites for tourists.

Lianyungang has well instituted compulsory primary education system and the secondary schools achieves significant graduate rate.

The city has three higher learning institutions, including Lianyungang Teacher’s College, Lianyungang Economic and Business College, Lianyungang College of Chemical Technology. These colleges mainly provide courses for training or diploma.

Culture and Folklore
Huaguoshan Mountain, meaning "Flowers & Fruits Mountain" in Mandarin Chinese, is the well-known place in which its national reputation is not actually from its real natural beauty but from a fictionalized novel, Journey to the West, published anonymously in 1590 A.D. by Wu Cheng’en. In his legendary stories, the beautiful wild mountain was described as the territory of a magic monkey transformed from a stone, Monkey Sun, and nourished by the Five Elements, who learns the art of the 72 polymorphic transformations, combat and secrets of immortality. When his powers grow, he started his rebellion against the Heaven. However, his efforts were defeated and was captured by warriors of the Heaven. In order to be free from the Heaven, he agreed to be a protector for a Buddhist monk, Xuanzang, in the Tang Dynasty for his pilgrimage to India in order to obtain Buddhist religious texts called sutras. The fiction is honored as one of the Four Great Classical Novels in Chinese Literature.

Notable Personage
Wu Cheng’en, the novelist for Journey to the West, was not born in Lianyungang but traveled here. What he was amazed and fascinated was the beauty and wildness of the hilly region at the time (1585 A.D.) which gave him the inspiration to illustrate what he saw into his novel.

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